“Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.”

I’ve started off with this slightly dramatic quote just to make a point…

In architectural drawing you constantly need to be scanning for ‘patterns’ in your work, to not be doing the same thing over and over again.

Needless to say, patterns will sneak in… and that’s fine, but be on the look out.

Especially be careful for patterns of mistakes (mistakes that seem to pop up again and again).

The absolute worst of these are the infamous perspective mistakes.

Why do you need to know about perspective mistakes?

Perspective mistakes are the most diabolical type of mistake you can be making in your drawing and design work…

That’s because…

a. They involve line drawing – so they’re really hard (if not impossible) to correct. This will have you constantly have to redo your work…

b. Just one perspective mistakes is enough to ruin your whole drawing. As I will further detail in this post, drawing correct perspective is more or less like a light switch… you either get it or you don’t.

c. Perspective mistakes are notoriously hard to spot… You usually see then when it’s too late, by then you have to move to point a.

Introduction To Perspective

Progression 1

This simple box drawing will become a complex building, it’s all a matter of getting your basics right.

Let’s talk about the top three mistakes all beginners make when it comes to understanding perspective.

To be perfectly honest, you have probably been making these mistakes for a while, but no worries after reading this article you will have everything you need to stop yourself from this negative streak of mistakes.

Just this minimum change in perception will better you drawing skills and yeah the good news is that it takes MINIMUM EFFORT on your behalf.

A bit of perspective… on perspective

Perspective is by far the most important skill you got in your freehand architecture drawing toolbox.

How it all works is you first need to get the basics right and then you start drawing more and more complex things.

I’m stressing this out right form the beginning because I’ve noticed most of my students are really enthusiastic on learning drawing and want to just skip the basics altogether so they may get to the interesting parts of drawing.

I wouldn’t recommend you do that: chances are you will learn something the wrong way and then have to unlearn it  (remember, unlearning is twice as complicated as learning – so you’re best off picking it up right from the first time round!).

Get your first box perspectives right and  your drawing skills just add up…

in a short amount time you will be drawing cool things such as buildings or abstract volumetric compositions or anything else you would see in an architecture magazine.

Alright?

That’s a fact.

YOU will get BETTER by first sticking to the basics. I need you to trust that fully, without even the  of a doubt. Air doesn’t have a color, you can pour water into a cup, you will get better at architectural drawing!

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Understanding perspective is much like an on/off switch – you need to understand it 100%.

So although drawing has its weird, counter-intuitive or subjective parts, understanding perspective is a fairly straightforward skill to get. Imagine it like an on/off switch – you either get it or you don’t and there is no middle ground.

Following that rule of thumb,even the smallest perspective mistake compromises your whole work -that’s good news right?

Obviously, we can chose to be proactive about it, so now let’s talk about the mistakes you’re probably making right now and probably aren’t aware of.

These mistakes limited your drawing abilities so far, so you’re best off doing that bit of introspection.

Activate that inner radar that detects either of the three, and let’s unwire them, one by one. I think you’ll find out that it gets a lot easier after you’re done with each of them!

For some extra help you can download the Module One: Fundamentals of Perspective PDF by subscribing in the opt-in box on the right hand side of this page.

To get most out of the presentation and exercises, also have a look at these videos where I go through in detail over the different lessons in  from the Ultimate Beginner’s Guide to Freehand Architectural Drawing.

Mistake #1 Not respecting the perspective points rule, so your drawings end up not making sense

The first mistake I’ve noticed all my beginner students do is not following construction points properly, so their drawings are completely off.

The way to correct this is to name both perspective points – I usually go for P1 (perspective point one) and P2 (perspective point two). This way you will get in the habit of following perspective points and in a short time ( a minimum of five complete drawings) it will become a habit so you won’t need to think about it.

Persp 1-1

Ouch, this hurts my eyes! Why bother hatching a drawing that’s wrong in the first place? Nevermind, B+ for effort! 🙂

 

Persp 1-2

If we trace all the construction lines, we can see that the whole drawing is wrong and there’s nothing left to but to start over!

Mistake #2 Not constructing your perspectives

This is the  BIG one, it will take a bit more effort on your behalf to get past this as you need to consciously remind yourself to always construct all elements of a drawing.

Over the years I’ve noticed all my students were going through a stage where they want to skip fully constructing every perspective.

That is a really bad idea as a correct line drawing is what makes the final drawing piece look good.

You will encounter the same temptation of not following through with constructing your perspectives – so don’t give in!

Construct every perspective, every time although at this moment you are probably questioning yourself on what’s the point of doing it.

Trust me, this makes the difference between the masters and the amateurs!

Again, it will soon become a habit so you won’t need to worry about it…

Persp 2-1

Without construction lines this drawing looks bad.

 

Persp 2-2

Let’s not fool ourselves, now that we got some ellipses going the drawing still looks bad. But at least we know what needs to be done to make it look better: follow the ellipses and patch up the line work so the hair drier looks volumetric. Getting better and better, right? Enjoy these small victories…

Mistake #3 Placing the perspective points too closely together, so your perspectives look deformed

This usually sneaks in after a bit of experience doing simple boxes.

I would imagine you went past your fifth box and now all of a sudden you’re not as enthusiastic about your drawings as they look a bit off and you can’t really tell why.

Nine out ten times this happens because you got the two perspective points too close together.

The way to fix this is, you need to have one perspective point on your drawing page and one point away, floating mid-air.

This drawing obviously has something off about it – the perspective points are too close together so the object looks off.

Persp 3-2

See what I mean? The perspective points are faaar to close together…

If you found this article useful, opt in with your name and email in the box on the right-hand side so you get to download the FREE ebooks on Perspective and Line Drawing.
If you’ve got any questions or comments, just leave them in the comments box below.
And if you really want to get your game to the next level with freehand drawing and design, then I recommend you get my book on architectural drawing. You can download it here.
Take and draw nicely!
Michael

Disclaimer: Results will vary, and you should not use this information as a substitute for getting formal architectural education. Good luck! ©2008-2017 Architectural Graphics Ltd, All Rights Reserved. "Freehand Architecture" and "Advanced Drawing And Design" are trademarks used by Architectural Graphics Ltd.

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